◈ How could a local community be helpful in preserving the flora especially of endangered species?
◈ What safeguard measures are being considered to manage demand-side risks which directly impact local communities and shape the way Nature-based Solutions impact management regimes?
◈ In Presentation 1, Joe Eisen mentioned a study which shows that social and environmental safeguards are unenforceable. Could you please share it?
◈ It’s just not true to say that REDD+ has been ineffective, this is a very damaging message for all the projects and communities that are actually benefiting today!
◈ How does Nbs / Offsetting 2.0 elevate and prioritise the stewardship of Indigenous-controlled territories, and challenge the current corporate control of monoculture food & resource production globally?
◈ NBS standards (e.g. ART-tree) could be a great technical tool, but without good policies and politics in the Fragile States, it will be hard to scale up NBS projects/programs. What are you doing to influence the political arena and remove barriers to NbS implementation, primarily the social conflicts related to Nature Resources?
◈ You mentioned a need for the IPCC to assess the potential of NbS on behalf of the UNFCCC. What could we do to ensure that this happens prior to CoP26 - given the likelihood that unconstrained NbS will otherwise be central to what is proposed by the UK - host of CoP26?
◈ The same risks that many studies presented about REDD+ results-based incentives seem to be part of NBS investments. To boost NBS projects/programs, we need international policy coherence among UN, UNFCCC, and Multilateral finance institutions. Is it possible to observe a positive trend of change from lousy governance practices to good governance practices? What can you highlight as advances in governance issues in Latin America or other regions?
◈ Do the panellists have specific suggestions on what can be done to improve funding for smallholder agroecology, and how to bring more successful sustainable programs and projects to the attention of decision makers and large well-funded NGOs like CI or Nature Conservancy?
◈ Unlike fossil fuel reduction, limiting climate benefits of forests to carbon is problematic and reductive. Why hasn’t the discourse moved beyond carbon at climate change fora in the context of forests to also include other crucial benefits, especially biodiversity? NbS is vague in its present form, do you see a scope of including biodiversity in NbS strategies and targets, especially for forest landscape restoration?
◈ Do you feel geospatial technologies, such as satellite earth observation, have a role to play in monitoring and managing risks involved in this NBS transformation, and what ideally do you think is needed from geospatial innovation in the future to help to deliver these initiatives?
◈ Indigenous peoples often find themselves wedged between the logic of protected areas, the exploitation of natural resources, and bad farming practices. In your opinion(s), what needs to happen for the voices and interests of local and indigenous communities to be heard, and shape the future design and financing of NbS crediting/initiatives?
◈ What should companies who want to responsibly create climate impact through NBS donate to?
◈ If 'private philanthropic' funding is proposed to support IP forest and climate governance, how would LEAF ensure genuine free, prior and informed consent of indigenous peoples regarding collective decisions by these rights holders and customary landowners to opt in or opt out? For example, given the controversies surrounding some large global corporations (labour rights/tax avoidance/over consumption etc?). Ditto regarding LEAF offsetting market and the serious concerns of this market mechanism?
◈ The LEAF Coalition and ART/TREES are two different things. The LEAF Coalition has selected ART/TREES as the independent certification standard in their Call for Proposals. Also, the statement that ART/TREES does not allow nesting is incorrect. The distinction is that TREES does not prescribe a specific method of nesting. Also, the possibility of the participation of indigenous territories in ART, and the associated area threshold for such participation, were in the draft 2.0 version of TREES for stakeholder consultation, but has not yet been finalized.
◈ Can you talk about the CDB post 2020 Global Framework? So far, what are they getting right and what needs to be challenged? I really appreciate the issue you raised with respect to a financial mechanism that will reach IPs and LCs. Should the framework address this? How?
◈ Has anyone conducted a cost benefit analysis of REDD+ including benefits to indigenous communities and returns to investors?